Body dissatisfaction and poor body image have been rising in prevalence continuously fueled by social and popular media channels leading to shifting attitudes among adolescents in particular. Such concerns are frequently reported in mid-adolescence and may be associated with the subsequent onset of mental health symptoms, ranging from disordered eating patterns to depression. As a whole, body dissatisfaction can lead to behaviors among individuals that multiply health risks, including excessive exercise, drug abuse, and often comorbid psychiatric illnesses which have been linked to numerous adverse outcomes.
Spurred by growing health and wellness awareness among global consumers of all age groups, the popularity of dietary supplements and similar products is growing due to their ability to provide essential nutrients many may not be able to obtain through diet alone. With a considerable rise in healthcare and fitness facilities, fluctuations in dietary habits, and shifting work practices, the global supplement market is surging at an impressive rate. In 2019, the market was valued at approximately $123 billion and current estimates project it will reach a valuation of $230.73 billion by 2027 with a compound annual growth rate of 8.2% over the forecast period. According to a report by Grand View Research, the growing popularity of using nutritional products for medicinal purposes – targeting a range of health issues from infertility to malnutrition – will impact the supplement industry in the years to come.
Despite the continuous medical focus on obesity, nutrition, and diet-related diseases, many internal medicine training programs still lack comprehensive nutrition education modules, leaving residents and physicians inadequately equipped to handle many related conditions – including the pervasive obesity health crisis. A commentary published in JAMA Internal Medicine in July underscores the persisting need for nutrition knowledge for today’s physicians.