Disease, premature death, and early signs of aging have all been linked to the growing number of environmental pollutants affecting the global population. Recent research has found that previous estimates of deaths caused by environmental pollution have been greatly underestimated. The study revealed a total of 8.8 million deaths attributable to air pollution each year worldwide. The detrimental effects of this ubiquitous issue on both environmental and human health are well-known, however, new research aims to determine whether exposure to pollutants can accelerate aging at the cellular level.
Despite strenuous controversies, the field of sirtuin research is growing with an increasing number of recent studies revealing their promising connection to longevity. After many years of investigation, understanding of the activity of the silent information regulator 2 (Sir2) family (‘sirtuins’) has greatly expanded, proving its significant involvement in the regulation of many fundamental biological processes. Dr. Leonard Guarente, co-founder of Elysium Health and director of MIT’s Glenn Center for Biology of Aging, stands at the forefront of sirtuin research efforts.
In the past few years, the connection between the brain, gut, and microbiome has become an increasingly examined topic in the medical research community. As more research continues to prove this bidirectional link, there is a growing awareness of the importance of gut health not just for gastrointestinal health but also for overall physical and mental wellbeing. Studies of the connection between the gut and physical health have revealed the powerful effects of the microbiome on the immune system, mood, energy levels, and a range of other bodily aspects.